Transportation is a fundamental need in the daily lives of most people. It is comprised of several industries including automotive, rail, aerospace, logistics, marine and transportation infrastructure that support air, sea, and land traffic. These industrial applications require components that withstand variations in temperature and vibration, while providing ingress protection from water and chemicals. Transportation is poised to undergo significant technological advancement and is one of the fastest growing verticals, especially in the areas of infotainment, electrification, construction and agricultural vehicles (CAV), semi- and fully- autonomous vehicles and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS).

The accelerated development and prototyping of autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles demand high speed, ultra-reliable, and secure end-to-end network integration. Advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) are one of the fastest growing technologies in automotive electronics, with steadily increasing rates of adoption of industry-wide quality standards. ADAS seek to automate, adapt and enhance vehicle systems for safer and better driving. These automotive safety features are designed to avoid collisions and accidents by offering technologies that alert the driver to potential problems, or to avoid collisions by implementing safeguards and taking over control of the vehicle.

ADAS rely on inputs from multiple data sources, including automotive imaging, LiDAR, radar, image processing, computer vision and in-car networking. Other Additional inputs are referred to as vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), or vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) systems. The increased focus on driver comfort and convenience birthed various automotive infotainment systems, which offer innovative features such as voice control, Bluetooth connectivity, real-time traffic updates, and navigation information. The broad usage of navigation devices is driving the usage of entertainment systems in commercial vehicles, and in turn, has improved operating efficiency and allowed for a faster reaction time in emergency circumstances.

Railways are a means of transporting goods and passengers on vehicles guided by tracks via electrified subways and metropolitan railroads, which are responsible for mass transit. These mass transit rail systems aim to connect cities in two to three times the speed of the fastest contemporary trains. Besides its incredible speed, this system promises advantages like on-demand, non-stop trips thanks to individual passenger pods; unparalleled eco-efficiency, courtesy of proprietary electric motors; and a wide range of safety considerations, from uninterrupted, weather-sealed tracks to fully autonomous conduction.

These machines and equipment are anticipated to perform in a harsh operating environment that includes vibration, large loads, all-weather conditions, and the risk of fire caused by metal-on-metal contact. High-quality technology is used to create extremely efficient railway power electronics. DC-DC voltage converters, over-voltage safety modules, solid state contactors, and other products are available. A railway monitoring system monitors the operation of electrical systems such as batteries in hybrid vehicles or heating systems in passenger carriages. The battery monitoring system and ground fault detector are examples of products.

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sensors and the data they generate. Unmanned A&D vehicles typically have increased processing requirements.

Next-generation aerospace and defense (A&D) systems have a broad spectrum of requirements with a common thread of increased processing requirements for safety and security. There has been a dramatic increase in the volume of “networking traffic” flowing through the embedded processors used in A&D equipment. Technological developments and innovation continually shape the Aerospace industry. Some of the significant developments that are likely to have implications include crew displays and in-flight entertainment, fuel management and full authority digital engine control, main and secondary flight controls, as well as navigation & communication systems.

The quality and reliability of electronics used in aerospace electronics have to be very stringent. Aerospace products include flight control, actuation systems, gears & travel mechanisms, air management and cooling systems, and electronics. Because of their balance of performance per watt, I/O integration, temperature range, stability, and manufacturing lifespan, embedded processors have been the choice in aviation systems. There is a need for extensive power management and low power processing, with common requirements for delivery of voice, data and video, security and secure systems and standard interconnects.

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